How to use these PDFs?
- Read the below PDFs selectively. Do keep syllabus and previous year questions with you.
- When you open a PDF, just select the topics/portions you need to read. Then look at the prev. year questions. See if you have missed any section worth reading.
- First reading – no highlighting or making notes
- Second reading after a week – make short notes
- You can save these PDFs in your local folder, highlight the important portions, and revise them regularly. Save the PDFs according to topic wise. Make separate folder for each heading in UPSC Sociology syllabus
- Not everyone would do this!
[For the experienced]
- Aim to cover all the below mentioned PDFs in 2 days (maximum)
- Do not make notes in the first reading. This would force you to come for a second reading which is extremely important.
- Second reading after a week. Make small notes, save the PDFs locally, topicwise.
- Revise the short notes regularly.
- If you don’t, history would repeat!
Sociology – The Discipline
- Emergence of Sociology: Link 1
- Scope of the subject & comparison with other social sciences: Covered in NCERT
- Sociology and Common Sense: Covered in NCERT also.
Sociology as Science
- Science, scientific method and critique: Link 1 Link 2 Link 3 Link 4
- Major theoretical strands of research methodology: Post modernism
- Positivism and its critique
- Fact value and objectivity: Fact and Value
Research Methods and Analysis
- Qualitative and quantitative methods: Link 1
- Techniques of data collection: Survey Participatory methods Comparative methods
- Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity
- Karl Marx- Historical Materialism 1, Link 1, Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, Link 1(class struggle), class struggle
- Emile Durkheim- Division of labour, social fact, Link 2 (Social Fact), suicide, religion and society
- Max Weber- Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism
- Talcolt Parsons- Social system, pattern variables
- Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance, reference groups
- Mead – Self and identity
Stratification and Mobility
- Concepts- equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty ( Link 2) and deprivation
- Theories of social stratification- Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory
- Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity and race
- Social mobility- open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility
Works and Economic Life
- Social organization of work in different types of society- slave society, feudal society, industrial /capitalist society
- Formal and informal organization of work
- Labour and society: Link 1 Link 2 Link 3
Politics and Society
- Sociological theories of power Link 2
- Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties 1 political parties 2
- Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology
- Protest, agitation, social movements 1 social movements 2 , collective action, revolution
Religion and Society
- Sociological theories of religion: Link 1 Link 2 Link 3 Link 4
- Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults
- Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism
Systems of Kinship
- Family, household, marriage
- Types and forms of family
- Lineage and descent
- Patriarchy and sexual division of labour
- Contemporary trends
Social Change in Modern Society
- Sociological theories of social change
- Development and dependency
- Agents of social change
- Education and social change
- Science, technology and social change [Covered in above PDFs]
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